There are many problems that arise due to the importing of the Euro-American psychiatric paradigm and its accompanying categories. These include decline in the quality of care, and the further unfortunate stigmatisation of those who are suffering from mental illness. The DSM criteria, as well as the worldviews propagated by the World Health Organisation and … Continue reading The Problem with Diagnosing Depression Accross Cultures Part 3: What difficulties arise from applying Western categories of mental illness to Asian societies?
Image Source: http://www.rajasthanonline.in/About/tourism/religious-spots/index.html The reason that Western categories such as Depression are inapplicable when it comes to diagnosing mental illness in these societies, is due to conflicting ideas of what constitutes depressive emotions between these societies and the psychiatric paradigm with its roots in Western biomedicine. This results in discrepancies in what are normative and … Continue reading The Problem with Diagnosing Depression Across Cultures Part 2: Why is it difficult to diagnose depression outside Western contexts?
Image Source: http://www.rajasthanonline.in/About/tourism/religious-spots/index.html An aura of uncertainty and even scepticism often accompanies explanations of certain mental illnesses. Depression is among the many disorders listed in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (or DSM) that, despite its aforementioned presence in such a conscientiously and methodically organised manual for categorising vocabularies and … Continue reading The Problem with Diagnosing Depression Across Cultures Part 1: Are Idioms of Distress Culturally Specific?
(continued from part 1) To this day, Marxist anthropologists (Thorner 1982; Patanaik 1990) have described India as neither capitalist nor feudal, but having elements from both, i.e. ‘semi-capitalism’ or‘semi-feudalism’. Likewise, European historians, from the advent of the British Raj, saw Indian history between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries in a global perspective, thereby insinuating that … Continue reading Modernity in South Asia (part 2)
It is perhaps unremarkable to say ‘South Asia is modern’, for it certainly exists in modern times… If we refer to the conception of a geographic region that is South Asia, the fact that we can speak about it is proof enough of the current existence of the conception, therefore the conception is modern. However, … Continue reading Modernity in South Asia (part 1)
(continued from part 1) In order to comprehend 'Hinduism' fully, we must unveil its origins. This brings us to our next variable, geographic location. The famous words of the Anglo-Welsh philologist Sir William Jones, have given scholars clues as to the primeval origins of Hinduism’s sacred language, Sanskrit: 'The Sanscrit language, whatever be its antiquity, … Continue reading Is Hinduism a Religion? (part 2)
While growing up in a Hindu family, I was not to follow the laws set out of a particular holy book or creed. I was unfamiliar with the concept of one god who alone is worthy of worship, and the veneration of a founder or prophet. Many of my European peers were puzzled by the … Continue reading Is Hinduism a Religion? (part 1)
(continued from part 1) It is usually the case that languages exist in a dialect chain, with high degrees of congruency between adjacent dialects. This results in replication being so extensive as to cover entire linguistic areas, meaning an entire language area can effectively use the same lexicon, making subgrouping almost impossible. This is exemplified … Continue reading The Issues of lexical borrowing for comparative reconstruction throughout Indo-Iranian languages (part 2)
Comparative reconstruction and subgrouping is done as if on the presumption that languages neatly separate into clearly demarcated dialects, which have neither subsequent contact with each other after separation, nor with other unrelated languages. When applying the comparative method, one must be aware not only of sound correspondences and inherited changes within a language or … Continue reading The Issues of lexical borrowing for comparative reconstruction throughout Indo-Iranian languages (part 1)